Taken from NJM Manifesto

This Document is Thirty Five years old and this is the first time I am

reading it. Posted on facebook by Janice Augustine.

NJM Manifesto

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES, AGRO-INDUSTRIES

Our basic policy for the organisation of economic activity is through

cooperatives. We find the principle of co-operatives is the fairest way of

ensuring full workers’ participation and benefits from whatever enterprise is

being done. We feel that workers will work harder and produce more if

they know they are working for themselves and reaping the benefits of their

labours, rather than if they are working for a boss.

For us to achieve a higher standard of living, we must enter upon a modern

agricultural program, expand greatly our fishing industry and develop an

island-wide network of factories for canning, processing, preserving and

packaging all of the crops and fish we produce in this new program.

Our goal is not just to expand production of cattle, goats, sheep, pigs,

chickens, rabbits, etc., while continuing to import the feeds for these

animals, because to do so would still keep the cost of the animals too high

owing to the high cost of these feeds. Rather, we aim to produce the

various feeds ourselves. This we can do by making use of the fishmeal,

coconut meal, corn, breadfruits, soya beans, sugar-cane, reject bananas,

citrus and many other products which are now being used by the countries

we buy the feeds from at high prices.

Our plan for increased production in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits,

etc., will stress the introduction of breeds adaptable to the region and

proper feeding and management. We advocate the creation of properly

managed community pastures practising commercial grazing in tastier and

more nutritious grazing areas.

We advocate the creation of a Central Dairy Board which would be

responsible for collecting, processing and distributing locally produced

fresh milk at fair prices.

From our present agricultural commodities, we can develop agro-

industries producing for ourselves some of the following products:

Nutmegs
Nutmeg oil, jams, jellies, liquers, spice powder, pharmaceuticals,

preserves, juices and marmalade

Casava
Flour, baby food, cereals, farine

Bananas
Flour, chips, cake-mixes, baby foods, animal feeds

Cocoa
Confectionary (sweets), beverages (chocolate, Ovaltine, Milo), ice cream

Breadfruit
Flour, chips, tinned foods
Corn Mixed with flour for baking, starch, oil

Cucumber
Gherkins

Cotton
Oil, animal feeds and plastic

Fish
Freezing, canning, packaging, powder for animal feeds, dehydrating

surplus fish as the protein supplement in livestock feed

Groundnut
Peanut butter, milk substitutes

Lamb
Tinned, dried, frozen

Coconuts
Cooking oil, soap, using the coconut meal by-product for animal feeds

Citrus:

Limes
Lime oil, lime juice, lime cordials. The pulp can be used as a stock-feed

Orange and grapefruits
Fresh fruit trade and the canning of surplus

Other fresh fruits
Fruit trade in mangoes, avocadoes (pears), soursop, passion fruit, guavas,

W.I. cherries, sorrel, paw-paw, sapodillas and tamarinds for local

consumption and export trade. The agro-industry here can be based on

fruit-juices, nectars, liqueurs, wines, etc.

Minor spices
Our cloves, cinnamon, ginger, tonka beans, vanilla, black pepper, can be

used to produce ground and mixed spices

Livestock feed
This can be produced from reject bananas, breadfruit, corn, fishmeal

slaughterhouse wastes, citrus and sugarcane

Ground provisions
The production of instant yam, tanyas, and sweet potatoes, etc., in

packaged form. It must be stressed that all of these new products can and

will be packaged, bottled, canned or wrapped by us right here in Grenada

at our new factories.

We propose the setting up of a Soil Conservation Authority to deal with soil

and water conservation in Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique. We

will introduce small-scale machinery whenever possible, to remove the

stigma of slavery and toil associated with the fork and hoe.

We propose to completely reorganise the existing facilities for servicing

agriculture through a strong Research and Extension Division and a core

of specialists in such areas as Crop Science, Plant Pathology,

Entomology, Livestock Science, Agricultural Economics, Marketing, Land

Use and Soil and Water Conservation. At present the technical service

lacks depth and direction and a climate of frustration prevails. Juniors

lacking in knowledge, qualification and ability have been promoted over

seniors, open political activity is encouraged, while favours, promotion and

courses are handed out on a patronage basis. To crown the matters, there

is often conflict between the Permanent Secretary and the entire staff.

We will improve the existing agricultural feeder roads and build new ones

for the opening of new areas for agricultural expansion.

Our new emphasis in what we teach in our schools will attract better types

of Farm Manager/Operator with a higher standard of education and better

understanding of farming principles and practices offered by modern

technology. We will demonstrate that commercial farming can provide a

decent and respectable standard of living as any other occupation. We will

make an early start in motivating our new farmers through summer schools,

weekend agricultural camps, teach-ins and the formal teaching of

agriculture in both Primary and Secondary Schools and at our Freedom

Schools.

To develop such a program of agro-industries based on the agricultural

commodities we can grow will require a large and steady supply of all

these commodities coming from the farming sector to supply the agro-

industry factories. Such a large and constant supply of these commodities,

we believe, can only take place by radically redistributing the land in

Grenada into co-operative farms of not less than 40-50 acres in size. This

will replace the present scandal of “Land for the landless” policy, which has

the effect of only destroying the whole agricultural basis of the economy.

Such a plan would also require a National Transport System and a

National Marketing System which would take the fresh crops as well as the

processed foods and animal feeds from the farms and factories to the

homes of everyone throughout the island and to the docks for exporting

overseas for us to earn some extra income.

We must use our agricultural experts as well as experts from the University

of the West Indies along with our most succesful local farmers, primary and

secondary school teachers and pupils, as the hard core of the detailed

planning and implementation of this scheme as well as for continuous

research to get higher yields from the available land being utilised on these

crops. We see our students throughout the island playing a more active

and direct role in raising our levels of production thereby improving the

material well-being of the people and gaining for themselves in the

process an invaluable education in real life.

We aim to expand coastal as well as deep-sea fishing, using the right kind

of boats and trawlers, with refrigeration on board for deep-sea fishing.

Additionally, adequate deep-freezing facilities at the various fishing ports

will be provided so that the fish can be preserved for long periods, and

would not go bad if sales cannot be immediately obtained.

Our 1,500 fishermen with their 654 boats and our 110 fish vendors will be

encouraged to work co-operatively. The fishing industry will develop into

both a fresh fish market and a manufacturing industry. The co-operative

will control its production, distribution and marketing thus benefitting the

individuals while at the same time severely reducing our high food import

bills and saving us badly needed foreign exchange. The surplus sprats,

small jacks, flying fishes, etc., will be utilised as animal feed. We will

examine closely the possibility of making our saltfish from dried fish.

We intend opening a fishing school drawing on local experts and experts

from various countries of the world experienced in fish techniques, storage

and processing and fish farming.

Fishing, like any other activity in the country, must be done professionally,

and if the right facilities and training and marketing are available to the

fisherman, he can make a very good living out of it. With Grand Etang

Lake, other smaller lakes and several of our rivers and inland bays, we can

and shoulod develop an inland fishing industry with the rearing of crayfish,

titerree and other kinds of fish, and in the bays lobster farming on a big

scale.

Directly connected with this expanded fishing program would be an

expanded varied boat-building industry. Again, we do not want to go

buying expensive fishing boats from abroad when no one know how to

build boats better than our very own people from Carriacou and Sauteurs.

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