This Document is Thirty Five years old and this is the first time I am
reading it. Posted on facebook by Janice Augustine.
AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES, AGRO-INDUSTRIES
Our basic policy for the organisation of economic activity is through
cooperatives. We find the principle of co-operatives is the fairest way of
ensuring full workers’ participation and benefits from whatever enterprise is
being done. We feel that workers will work harder and produce more if
they know they are working for themselves and reaping the benefits of their
labours, rather than if they are working for a boss.
For us to achieve a higher standard of living, we must enter upon a modern
agricultural program, expand greatly our fishing industry and develop an
island-wide network of factories for canning, processing, preserving and
packaging all of the crops and fish we produce in this new program.
Our goal is not just to expand production of cattle, goats, sheep, pigs,
chickens, rabbits, etc., while continuing to import the feeds for these
animals, because to do so would still keep the cost of the animals too high
owing to the high cost of these feeds. Rather, we aim to produce the
various feeds ourselves. This we can do by making use of the fishmeal,
coconut meal, corn, breadfruits, soya beans, sugar-cane, reject bananas,
citrus and many other products which are now being used by the countries
we buy the feeds from at high prices.
Our plan for increased production in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits,
etc., will stress the introduction of breeds adaptable to the region and
proper feeding and management. We advocate the creation of properly
managed community pastures practising commercial grazing in tastier and
more nutritious grazing areas.
We advocate the creation of a Central Dairy Board which would be
responsible for collecting, processing and distributing locally produced
fresh milk at fair prices.
From our present agricultural commodities, we can develop agro-
industries producing for ourselves some of the following products:
Nutmeg oil, jams, jellies, liquers, spice powder, pharmaceuticals,
preserves, juices and marmalade
Flour, baby food, cereals, farine
Flour, chips, cake-mixes, baby foods, animal feeds
Confectionary (sweets), beverages (chocolate, Ovaltine, Milo), ice cream
Flour, chips, tinned foods
Corn Mixed with flour for baking, starch, oil
Oil, animal feeds and plastic
Freezing, canning, packaging, powder for animal feeds, dehydrating
surplus fish as the protein supplement in livestock feed
Peanut butter, milk substitutes
Tinned, dried, frozen
Cooking oil, soap, using the coconut meal by-product for animal feeds
Lime oil, lime juice, lime cordials. The pulp can be used as a stock-feed
Orange and grapefruits
Fresh fruit trade and the canning of surplus
Other fresh fruits
Fruit trade in mangoes, avocadoes (pears), soursop, passion fruit, guavas,
W.I. cherries, sorrel, paw-paw, sapodillas and tamarinds for local
consumption and export trade. The agro-industry here can be based on
fruit-juices, nectars, liqueurs, wines, etc.
Our cloves, cinnamon, ginger, tonka beans, vanilla, black pepper, can be
used to produce ground and mixed spices
This can be produced from reject bananas, breadfruit, corn, fishmeal
slaughterhouse wastes, citrus and sugarcane
The production of instant yam, tanyas, and sweet potatoes, etc., in
packaged form. It must be stressed that all of these new products can and
will be packaged, bottled, canned or wrapped by us right here in Grenada
at our new factories.
We propose the setting up of a Soil Conservation Authority to deal with soil
and water conservation in Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique. We
will introduce small-scale machinery whenever possible, to remove the
stigma of slavery and toil associated with the fork and hoe.
We propose to completely reorganise the existing facilities for servicing
agriculture through a strong Research and Extension Division and a core
of specialists in such areas as Crop Science, Plant Pathology,
Entomology, Livestock Science, Agricultural Economics, Marketing, Land
Use and Soil and Water Conservation. At present the technical service
lacks depth and direction and a climate of frustration prevails. Juniors
lacking in knowledge, qualification and ability have been promoted over
seniors, open political activity is encouraged, while favours, promotion and
courses are handed out on a patronage basis. To crown the matters, there
is often conflict between the Permanent Secretary and the entire staff.
We will improve the existing agricultural feeder roads and build new ones
for the opening of new areas for agricultural expansion.
Our new emphasis in what we teach in our schools will attract better types
of Farm Manager/Operator with a higher standard of education and better
understanding of farming principles and practices offered by modern
technology. We will demonstrate that commercial farming can provide a
decent and respectable standard of living as any other occupation. We will
make an early start in motivating our new farmers through summer schools,
weekend agricultural camps, teach-ins and the formal teaching of
agriculture in both Primary and Secondary Schools and at our Freedom
To develop such a program of agro-industries based on the agricultural
commodities we can grow will require a large and steady supply of all
these commodities coming from the farming sector to supply the agro-
industry factories. Such a large and constant supply of these commodities,
we believe, can only take place by radically redistributing the land in
Grenada into co-operative farms of not less than 40-50 acres in size. This
will replace the present scandal of “Land for the landless” policy, which has
the effect of only destroying the whole agricultural basis of the economy.
Such a plan would also require a National Transport System and a
National Marketing System which would take the fresh crops as well as the
processed foods and animal feeds from the farms and factories to the
homes of everyone throughout the island and to the docks for exporting
overseas for us to earn some extra income.
We must use our agricultural experts as well as experts from the University
of the West Indies along with our most succesful local farmers, primary and
secondary school teachers and pupils, as the hard core of the detailed
planning and implementation of this scheme as well as for continuous
research to get higher yields from the available land being utilised on these
crops. We see our students throughout the island playing a more active
and direct role in raising our levels of production thereby improving the
material well-being of the people and gaining for themselves in the
process an invaluable education in real life.
We aim to expand coastal as well as deep-sea fishing, using the right kind
of boats and trawlers, with refrigeration on board for deep-sea fishing.
Additionally, adequate deep-freezing facilities at the various fishing ports
will be provided so that the fish can be preserved for long periods, and
would not go bad if sales cannot be immediately obtained.
Our 1,500 fishermen with their 654 boats and our 110 fish vendors will be
encouraged to work co-operatively. The fishing industry will develop into
both a fresh fish market and a manufacturing industry. The co-operative
will control its production, distribution and marketing thus benefitting the
individuals while at the same time severely reducing our high food import
bills and saving us badly needed foreign exchange. The surplus sprats,
small jacks, flying fishes, etc., will be utilised as animal feed. We will
examine closely the possibility of making our saltfish from dried fish.
We intend opening a fishing school drawing on local experts and experts
from various countries of the world experienced in fish techniques, storage
and processing and fish farming.
Fishing, like any other activity in the country, must be done professionally,
and if the right facilities and training and marketing are available to the
fisherman, he can make a very good living out of it. With Grand Etang
Lake, other smaller lakes and several of our rivers and inland bays, we can
and shoulod develop an inland fishing industry with the rearing of crayfish,
titerree and other kinds of fish, and in the bays lobster farming on a big
Directly connected with this expanded fishing program would be an
expanded varied boat-building industry. Again, we do not want to go
buying expensive fishing boats from abroad when no one know how to
build boats better than our very own people from Carriacou and Sauteurs.